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What Matters for Outcomes in Elementary Education in India?
Jandhyala B.G. Tilak
Rural transformation requires transformation of schools in rural areas into powerful centres of learning in such a way that children, parents, and the whole community look at schools as the pivot of transformation. Focusing on rural-urban inequalities in education, this paper presents an overview of the growth, achievements and problems in elementary education in India. With the help of recent data, an attempt has been made to analyse questions such as: why do children not go to schools? Once they enrol in schools, why do they drop out soon, before completing a given cycle of education? When they continue in schools, why are their levels of learning not satisfactory and why are the overall education outcomes of the primary and upper primary schools not up to the mark? A few major policy implications are also drawn from the several results presented.

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