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India’s Senior Citizens’ Policy and an Examination of the Life of Senior Citizens in North Delhi
Hitoshi Ota
This paper investigates the ageing situation in India and the development of Government initiatives for the welfare of senior citizens. It also presents the initial results of a survey that the author conducted in 2011 in North Delhi. The main features related to ageing in India are ‘feminization’, ‘rurality’, and ‘poverty’. Although income security schemes for elderly people were introduced at both the national and state levels in the 1950s and 1960s, and the fi rst national policy for senior citizens was announced in 1999, it was not until the middle of the fi rst decade of the 2000s that the Government took further accentuating steps pertaining to welfare for senior citizens. The National Pension Scheme (NPS) and the Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS) are among their major initiatives. The survey in North Delhi reveals the differences between the male and female senior citizens, and the vulnerability of the latter, in particular. The social security coverage in terms of pensions and health insurance was found to be quite limited for the respondents.

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